It is a kind of tourism which while safeguarding the experience of travel, would also further mutual understanding between people, prevent environmental and cultural degradation, exploitation and dehumanization of the local population. Responsible tourism is against the 'experience seeking' and counter-cultural tourists who may have a negative impact on hosts.
With the help of responsible tourism, we can overcome the issues raised by tourism industry. Responsible tourism is more caring and aware form of tourism. In responsible tourism, the host community plays a very crucial role in decision-making on tourism and tourism development. They also control the pace of development. Raising the awareness of the traveler prior to the arrival of the destination and sensitizing him to the local environment is very important. Hence education plays a key role in responsible tourism.
There are two ideological per-occupations in responsible tourism
- Counter cultural rejection of mass consumerism
- A concern for the impact of the modern industrial development on the 3rd world societies
1. Counter Cultural Responsible Tourism
It criticizes the practices of conventional mass tourism. The image of counter cultural alternative tourist is that one would not go for mere recreation. He is an adventurer who seeks the strangeness of the world of others and tries to experience the authentic life. He travels by himself or with small groups in an unhurried manner, spontaneously changing travel plans.
The ideal traveler is self reliant and enterprising, accepting the hospitality of humble peasants and tribal people, eating their food and drinking their water, without concern for comfort or health. He also participates in conservation efforts and contributes in environmental protection.
2. Concerned Responsible Tourism
It is a 'just' form of travel between members of different communities. It seeks to achieve mutual understanding, solidarity and equality among participants. It is an alternative to both mass and 'rucksack' tourism. Both parties should equally benefit, personally and economically from the encounter. Small-scale projects in developing countries are the principle means of promotion of this type of tourism.
Locals share their real life experiences and problems in an unadulterated way. The visitors are understood to pay for their stay and no exploitation is involved.