How To Ban A User From Facebook Page

Sometimes you may want to ban a particular user from your facebook page because he/she is very annoying or something. Here is the step by step procedure to ban a particular user from your facebook page.

1. First go to the facebook page. On the top right hand side of the page, you will see a 'Page Likes' column (refer pic below)




2. Now hover the mouse over it and you will see a 'See All' option, click on it



3. A list of all liked persons will appear and find the one you want to ban. Click on the settings icon and click 'Remove'. Then you will be asked whether you want to ban the person permanently. Tick the box and you are done.

Interest Not Paid For USD Cheque Clearance - Solved

In India, it will take around 30 days for clearing US Dollar cheques or any other foreign currency cheques for that matter. The time delay is because banks in India will keep the money in their nostro account for 21 working days. These 21 working days are the cooling off period, to prevent late cheque returns. So once the amount is credited to your account, banks will also pay the interest for keeping the cash for 21 days. The amount will come around Rs.300 for 1 lakh. 

Now, this is applicable for foreign currency cheques under $2000 only. For cheques above $2000, the banks in India will not pay the interest because this time, it is the overseas bank that keeps the money for 21 working days (not your bank in India). Once the overseas bank transfers the amount to your bank's nostro account, your bank will credit the money to your account on the same day itself. So your bank in India has no obligation to pay the interest.

How To Take A Demand Draft (DD) For Cash

In order to take a demand draft (DD) in India, you need to walk into a bank. There will be a DD application form available. First of all, you need to ask the bank staff about the commission charged for taking a DD. Different banks charge differently. For example, State Bank of India charges Rs.35 per DD and Punjab National Bank charges Rs.46. You need to fill the DD commission charge in the DD application, that is why you need to ask the bank staff before filling the DD form.

Let us say you want to take a DD for Rs.100 in favour of Ajith. Now fill in the relevant details such as name, address, signature etc. Now in the particulars column you need to enter Rs.100, and you need to enter 'one hundred rupees only' in words. But while filling the particulars column, there will be another column for entering the commission amount. The column will be titled 'exchange' or 'commission'. In that column you need to enter the commission amount charged by the bank, which is Rs.35 in the case of SBI. Hand over the completely filled DD form along with Rs.135 to the bank staff and they will issue a DD for Rs.100.

Significance Of Human Rights

Social scientists have looked at human rights in terms of them being guaranteed and their possible violation by the state. Success of human rights depends upon the meeting of obligations by the state. The primary aim of human rights is on the empowerment of society, to lay legitimate claims to the institution of the state for a life with dignity, freedom and resources.

Human rights are universal, indivisible, interdependent and interrelated. Universal declaration of Human Rights (UNDHR) defines specific rights - civil, political, economic, social as well as cultural. It defines the rights to life, liberty, security, fair trial by law, freedom of thought, expression and movement. Even though human rights are considered to be universal, there is a wide disparity between the developing and developed countries.

Population and poverty are the main causes of human right violations in 3rd world countries. Poverty often undermines human dignity and without dignity, there is no meaning of human right. In developed countries, which have high development of material and economic resources, social and economic rights are not as important as civil and political rights. Whereas economic and social rights are more important to developing countries which are struggling under poverty, illiteracy and malnutrition. 

In India, there are several human right issues such as women subordination, slavery, rapes etc. There are laws in our constitution to protect human rights but they are not implemented properly.

Discuss The 3 Components or Constituents of Music

A composition becomes or qualifies to belong to the category of musical composition when it rests on the following 3 constituents
  • Swara or sound
  • Taal/Laya or beat/tune
  • Raag or melody
Swara

Swara is that sound which has some meaning and possesses a distinct identity. Music be it western or Indian is based on swaras. There are different configurations of swaras and the basic swara is called Shadaj. Shadaj means six and it is related to six other swaras. The spectrum of swaras in Indian music thus composed of seven bands is known as Saptak. In Indian music, the musician decides the pitch of shadaj and other 6 swaras, whereas in western music it is fixed pitch or 'absolute pitch'.

Taal

It is a process through which rhythm gets depicted in musical compositions. Taal is measured in terms of the numerical content of pulse in each composition. 

Slow pulse > Vilambit
Medium pulse > Madhyam
Fast pulse > Drut

The combination of these pulses provide a tremendous variety of Indian music. Instruments like mridang and tabla are the main instruments used in North Indian and South Indian music systems.

Raag

Central manifestation of raag is delightfulness.There are 10 other features that make a raag, their combinations give birth to the whole repertoire of raag music. The element of sensuousness creates a sub-division of raag called ragini.

Comment On The Growth Of Modern Painting In India

Towards the end of 19th century, a positive reaction towards painting came in India. Many talented Indians became adept in European painting and in oil and water colour. Raja Ravi Varma gained much reputation in the period through his painting of mythological subjects and portraiture. Abanidranath tried to re-create a national style in painting. He and his students experimented in the techniques of Indian miniature, frescos, scroll and pata paintings. 

Spread of new artistic faith gave rise to Bengal school of painting. Awakened by nationalism, they tried to imitate old master pieces of Indian art aiming at revival. But sooner the romantic renaissance phase came to an end then the school went for modern aspirations. Modern Indian paintings reflect the complexity of modern life. Rabindranath Tagore's work reflected Indian modernism.

Gaganendranath studied the pictorial possibilities of light and experimented with cubism and coalescence of forms. He used his art for social comment often with a pleasant satire. Amrita Shergil's work symbolised the interaction of Indian and European tradition. Jamini Roy returned to the tradition of folk art, pat and scroll. These artists' work will give you an idea about the variety of expression in modern painting in India.

Different Types Of Literature

1. Poetry

Oldest form of literature and has a rich written and oral tradition. Epics like Ramayana and Mahabharata are examples. Short poems capable of being sung are called lyrics. A 'Sonnet' is a 14 line poem following a metrical scheme. Epics are very long poems that talk about heroes. An 'ode' is an address to someone. A poem mourning somebody is an 'elegy'.

2. Novel

Novel is an 18th century development. Novel has a story, a plot and a number of characters. Story is the sequence of events, plot is the arrangement of story parts and management of character.

3. Drama

Drama is a literature written to be staged and has to keep its stage-worthiness in mind. Dialogue is an important part and other elements like descriptions are equally important. Eg: Shakespere

4. Short Story

Example, Ernest Hemmingway

5. Literary Criticism

Talking about poems, plays and novels in an appreciate way and evaluating them. It works in the domain of aesthetic judgement. Whether a kind of literature is good or bad is indicated. It is backed by evidence from within the text.

Rationale For Economic Reforms of 1990s In India

Licensing - permit - quota raj policy of the government lead to widespread corruption. The bureaucracy and political bosses were the major beneficiary. There was an increasing demand to dismantle the system of licensing and controls. Quite a large number of public sector industries were suffering huge losses. There was high pressure from World Trade Organization to face world competition.

The rationale for economic reforms of 1990s in India were
  • To de-control the Indian industrial economy from unnecessary beurocratic controls
  • To introduce liberalisation with a view to integrate the Indian economy with the world economy
  • To remove the restrictions on foreign direct investment
  • To remove restrictions of MRTP Act
  • To shed the load of public sector enterprises which have shown a very low rate of return and incurring losses over the years

Objectives Of Indian Planning

The basic objectives were economic growth, employment, self-reliance and social justice. According to the second five year plan there are 4 basic objectives of planning in India
  • A sizable increase in national income so as to raise the level of living in the country
  • Rapid industrialization with particular emphasis on the development of basic and heavy industries
  • A large expansion of employment opportunitites
  • Reduction of inequalities of income and wealth and a more even distribution of economic power
All these objectives are interrelated. There has been variations in the emphasis on different objectives across plans. Earlier plans stressed more on economic growth whereas later plans emphasised on self-reliance, generation of employment and poverty alleviation. 7th plan emphasized on modernization of economy. 

Since 1991, the focus was on stability in the economy. Objective of the planning has been focused on bringing down the rate of inflation, interest rate, subsidies, fiscal deficit and foreign debt and improvements in balance of payment position and foreign exchange reserve. The economy has witnessed a transition from a planned economy to a market economy.

Notion Of A Mixed Economy

Indian economy is a mixed economy where private sector and public sector coexist and contribute to the production process. Some of the activities like law and order, justice and defence have to be performed by the government. In the 60s and 70s the government restricted the activity of private sector by rigorous licensing policy. But in 90s many restrictions on private sector has been removed as a result, private sector production increased rapidly. The government will have to come forward in areas of huge investment and low short term return projects like dams, ports and roads. There are natural monopolies such as railways as well. Government has to run services of social relevance such as schools, hospitals, banks etc. The government will also enter into production activities to fulfill objectives like employment generation, regional balance and social upliftment.

Various Stages Of Demographic Transition

There are 3 stages of demographic transition

1. First Stage : When the level of development is low in an economy, both birth rate and death rate are high. As a result the population growth rate is not that high.

2. Second Stage : When economic development takes place, death rate declines due to availability of health facilities and medicines but birth rate continues to remain high, resulting in a wide gap between birth rate and death rate. Hence population increases sharply.

3. Third Stage : With further economic development, both birth rate and death rate are low. Consequently, population growth rate is again low in the third stage. All the developed economies are in the third stage of demographic transition.

Governance And Its Characteristics

Governance according to World Bank has 4 main components
  • Public sector management
  • Accountability
  • Legal framework for development
  • Transparency and information accessibility
Governance basically implies the proper formulation and implementation of  policies by government agencies, within well defined legal framework. It also emphasizes on people getting the necessary information, fostering openness in the system and ensuring accountability on part of politicians and administrators. Good governance requires collective effort of public, private organisations as well as people.

Characteristics of Governance

1. Participation

Good democracy will seek the participation of its citizens to the maximum extent in public affairs. For eg: Panchayati Raj Institutions

2. Rule of Law

Rule of law protects the interests and rights of citizens. Governance needs a legal framework for smooth operation.

3. Transparency

Information is not generally shared with citizens by government. People are demanding for sharing information. Government is trying to bring transparency in the system.

4. Responsiveness

As a citizen you expect positive response from the authorities. Eg: Passport application. People want responsiveness from elected political representatives and officials. It is a two way interactive process between citizens and government.

5. Equity

Government has to ensure participation and equity bringing all sections of the society within its purview. 

6. Effectiveness and Efficiency

Better utilization of resources towards improved service. Eg: Railway reservation service without trouble.

7. Accountability

It is making one responsible and accountable for actions. Governance requires accountability on part of government, private sector, society or community based organisations for their activities. For eg: Ministers are answerable for the deeds of their departments.

BSNL WiMax Speed In Kerala

BSNL WiMax is a blessing for those who want to use high speed internet without a wired land line connection. In order to have a bsnl broadband connection, you need to have a landline connection and there should be a cable pair capable of holding broadband connection running through the road in front of your house. If the cable pair is not present, you won't get a broadband connection. In that case, using 3G internet or WiMax becomes the only option.

WiMax Speed And Connectivity

Unfortunately, WiMax connection is not available in all towns in Kerala. There are only around 400 towers that have WiMax enabled. Even then the coverage is typically around 1km from the base of the tower. Don't expect to get a decent WiMax connectivity if you are over 1km range. My house is located 900m from the base of the tower and even I am at the edge of the range. I had to use slightly more powerful WiMax antenna to get acceptable coverage.

The speeds are pretty satisfying. Unlike wired broadband which will have speed variations, on WiMax you will have steady speeds all the time. Normally I get around 1Mbps download speed on my unlimited 750 plan. The screenshot of the speed test is given below.

BSNL WiMax Speed In Kerala

The advantage of WiMax against 3G is that there is no speed limit. The fair usage policy by mobile operators will limit the download speed once FUP limit is exceeded. Another thing to note is that, don't even think of going with a limited WiMax plan, because you will get insane bills once you exceed the usage limit. So always go for Unlimted 750 plan.

The initial investment for the device and installation is Rs.1750 and the monthly bill will come around Rs.800 + Tax. I think it is very reasonable. Moreover WiMax is more fault free. When I was using bsnl broadband, I used to have connectivity issues especially during rainy season. The wire joints tend to get loose or rusted and you will lose connectivity. There is no such issue with WiMax as it is wireless.

Role Of Communication In An Organization

According to Herbert Simon, communication is a process whereby decisional promises are transmitted from one member of an organization to another. Data and information are transmitted to the decision maker through the communication channels. Shannon and Waever model of communication channel involves a source, an encoder, message channel, a decoder, a receiver and feedback.

Source is a member with ideas, information and a purpose for communication. Communication process involves something being sent to a receiver. What receiver does with the communicated message is the vital part of the whole system. Simon says, there is an informal system of communication in an organization based on social relations such as friendship. It is termed as 'grapevine' and is a valuable measure of public opinion in an organization.

From 'grapevine' the administrator can understand the subjects of interest to organization members and their attitude towards certain topics. Organizations use sophisticated communication systems such as computers and internet for decision making.
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