Seasonal variations in climate make significant impact on travel and tourism. The most visible impact is the emergence of tourist seasons. There is a tendency for people to move to cooler places in summer and to warmer places during winter. The development of hill stations in India took place as a result of this phenomenon.
It is actually a kind of escape from unpleasant weather. In this way, some places have become popular for winter sports activities during cold weather season. Beach tourism is also becoming popular in India as they provide cool weather during summer and warmth during winter.
Hot season is the peak season for hill stations. During winter, international tourists travel to warmer regions like India, which remarks the beginning of tourist season here. The peak tourist season is from October to March with largest arrivals in December. The off season is from April to June with least arrival in May because of the extreme hot weather in India.
The diversity of climates in India, beginning from the snow clad Himalayas, Thar Desert to the beaches of the south coast is the main motivating factor for both domestic and international tourists.There is a heavy rush of tourists from North India to South India during summer and vice versa during North-East monsoon.
Most festivals in India are celebrated in the joy of harvest. Eg: Onam. Most festivals are given wide publicity to attract tourists from different parts of the country.
Measurement of Seasonality
The measurement of seasonality is done through time series. The main components are
1. Trend : General tendency of the series to gradually increase or decrease over a period of time.
2. Cyclic Movement : Oscillation of greater or lesser regularity about the trend.The oscillation or booms and depressions occur at large intervals of time.
3. Seasonal Movement : Fluctuations in series which occur at regular intervals of time, not exceeding a year. Eg: Tourist arrivals are highest in December and lowest in May.
4. Irregular Fluctuations : Fluctuations which are not governed by any law or regularity.