Social scientists have looked at human rights in terms of them being guaranteed and their possible violation by the state. Success of human rights depends upon the meeting of obligations by the state. The primary aim of human rights is on the empowerment of society, to lay legitimate claims to the institution of the state for a life with dignity, freedom and resources.
Human rights are universal, indivisible, interdependent and interrelated. Universal declaration of Human Rights (UNDHR) defines specific rights - civil, political, economic, social as well as cultural. It defines the rights to life, liberty, security, fair trial by law, freedom of thought, expression and movement. Even though human rights are considered to be universal, there is a wide disparity between the developing and developed countries.
Population and poverty are the main causes of human right violations in 3rd world countries. Poverty often undermines human dignity and without dignity, there is no meaning of human right. In developed countries, which have high development of material and economic resources, social and economic rights are not as important as civil and political rights. Whereas economic and social rights are more important to developing countries which are struggling under poverty, illiteracy and malnutrition.
In India, there are several human right issues such as women subordination, slavery, rapes etc. There are laws in our constitution to protect human rights but they are not implemented properly.