Mesothelioma is a kind of cancer that affects the mesothelium tissues which lines the sacs of the chest or abdomen. It is a rare form of cancer and is generally associated with asbestos exposure. There are different kinds of mesothelioma namely Pleural mesothelioma (affects the lungs), peritoneal mesothelioma (affects the abdomen), pericardial mesothelioma (affects the heart) . Pleural mesothelioma accounts for two third of the cases reported in US.
Mesothelioma cells are of two types epithelial and sacromatoid. Epithelial type is the most common type (85% of the cases). Malignant cells from mesothelium can spread quite fast and usually results in death within 5 to 12 months after diagnosis. If not treated early, the chances of getting cured is really low. In US, around 2,000 new mesothelioma cases are reported every year.
The main cause of mesothelioma is exposure to asbestos. Those who are diagnosed with mesothelioma can file a lawsuit against the asbestos company they worked. In most cases the judgment will be in favor of the patient. However the settlement amount depends upon several factors such as medical expenses, extend of damage etc.